In the Writing exam you should also indicate how certain you are about the facts and opinions you present.
If you want to express a high degree of certainty, use words like conclusive.
Astronomers were able to present conclusive evidence that the universe is expanding.
If you want to express doubt, use words like apparently.
He was apparently calm when he discovered the damage to his car.
In the IELTS Writing exam you can use words such as vast and marginally to present facts, figures or trends effectively.
Some adjectives and adverbs convey the idea of ‘big’, ‘very’ or ‘a lot’.
Vast amounts of money have been spent on IT projects that have proved unworkable.
Other adjectives and adverbs convey the idea of ‘small’ or ‘a little’.
The percentage of students studying science and engineering was marginally higher last year than it has been in the previous ten years.
In the IELTS Writing exam you can demonstrate that you have a broad vocabulary by avoiding unnecessary repetition.
Many words commonly used in academic arguments have synonyms.
The minister justified his position on arms control. He defended his position strongly when he gave evidence of the proliferation of nuclear weapons.
Learn to use synonyms when presenting your arguments.
In the IELTS Writing exam you should make sure that you use words correctly.
Some of the words in this unit can be followed by:
a preposition, for example: One of the benefits of the new phone is a larger screen.
whether + clause, for example: I doubt whether the new policy on care for the elderly can succeed.
that + clause, for example: We suggested that the working day should be reduced.
a noun or noun phrase, for example: They cannot justify their actions.
Learn to use words correctly by studying example sentences.
Some words in English are more formal or more appropriate for formal writing.
Other words in English are less formal or more appropriate for speaking.
Avoid slang expressions!
Creative writing is really cool.
Avoid very formal expressions or words which are more appropriate for writing,
My aforementioned interest in creative writing lasted for six months.
When writing in the IELTS exam you need to use not only the right words but also the right parts of speech.
Thompson and her colleagues analyse [verb] the samples using the antibody test.
The main results of the analysis [noun] are summarized below.
I have an analytical [adjective] approach to every survey.
When you learn a new word, learn its associated parts of speech.
For the IELTS Writing Task 1 you have to summarize information that is usually represented in the form of a table, a pie chart, a line graph, a bar chart, a diagram, a map or a flow chart. You should write at least 150 words and organize your work carefully into three separate parts:
- An opening paragraph briefly describing what the graph or figure shows (1-3 sentences)
- Body paragraph(s) highlighting the key information
- A concluding paragraph summarizing the most important point (1-2 sentences)
A certain standard words frequently appear in Writing Task 1 essays.
The graph shows… The number of… decreased.
Show that you have a broad vocabulary by using synonyms where possible.
The number of hours worked decreased slightly between 1985 and 1990, levelled off, then dipped again briefly in 1997.
Learn how linking words are used — notice the grammar and punctuation of the example sentences below.
The adverbs furthermore, moreover, nevertheless, thus and hence link two sentences or clauses.
Nursing homes are very costly. Moreover, they often fail to provide adequate levels of care.
Grown-up children frequently settle in other cities; hence, the elderly often find themselves without family nearby.
Use nevertheless, when you want to emphasize that the idea in the second sentence or clause is contrary to what the reader would expect from the first.
He knew he had lost the race. Nevertheless, he pressed on until the finish line.
The conjunctions whereas and whilst are used to contrast information within a sentence.
Dogs like company, whereas most cats prefer to be on their own.
The prefixes un-, in-, il-, ir- and dis- are commonly used to make words negative.
necessary – unnecessary
accurate – inaccurate
Learning to recognize negative prefixes can help you work out the meaning of words.